Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of problems with the alignment of teeth. Whether you’re having issues with crooked teeth or want to get ahead of any potential problems, learning about orthodontics processes and procedures will help you understand the options available to you and their relative effectiveness.
What is Orthodontics?
It is also concerned with enhancing the appearance of the teeth, face, and smile. Orthodontic treatment can treat various dental problems, including overcrowding, spacing, misalignment, overbite, underbite, and open bite.
Orthodontic treatment usually involves braces or other appliances to align the teeth and jaws. Treatment usually takes several years to complete, but the results can be very rewarding. A beautiful smile and improved dental health are just some of the benefits that orthodontic treatment can provide.
Types of Orthodontic Braces
There are many types of braces that an orthodontist can use to correct your smile. Here are some of the different kinds of braces you might be able to choose from:
Metal Braces are the most common type of braces that you’ll see on orthodontic patients. They are made from a mix of metal wires and brackets, cemented onto the patient’s teeth to gradually move them into position.
The metal wires exert pressure on the teeth, thus causing them to move. Typically, patients need treatment for about two years with metal braces before their final results can be seen. During this time, they must adhere to a strict dental hygiene routine to prevent tooth decay or gum disease.
These braces are an excellent option for people with small or even large gaps between their teeth. They are made from ceramic material, which is firm but still flexible.
The brackets and wires will be installed so they do not cause discomfort. In the past, adults only used ceramic braces because of the materials used. Now, this type of treatment is becoming more popular with children too.
Lingual (Onlay) Braces
Lingual braces are custom-made brackets bonded to your teeth’ back surfaces. They are an excellent choice for patients seeking a more cosmetically appealing option. The brackets are made of metal or ceramic, and the wires are made of stainless steel.
The orthodontist will use a mold of your teeth to create the brackets, which will be bonded to your teeth with a unique adhesive. Lingual braces can take longer to adjust to than traditional braces, but they are just as effective in straightening teeth.
According to My Dentist San Francisco, the type of retainer best for you will depend on your individual needs, so your orthodontist will design a custom retainer just for you. There are two main types of retainers: removable and fixed. Removable retainers are clear plastic and can be taken out for eating,
brushing, and flossing. Fixed retainers are bonded to the back of your teeth and cannot be removed.
Process Involved in Treatment
The first step is always a consultation. During this appointment, the orthodontist will look at your smile and teeth to determine what kind of treatment you need. They will also talk to you about your goals for treatment.
Next, you will need to get X-rays, photos, and teeth impressions. These will be used to create a model of your mouth so the orthodontist can develop a treatment plan.
Once the plan is created, you can see what your new smile will look like. Treatment usually involves wearing braces or aligners for some time. During this time, you will need to visit the orthodontist regularly for adjustments.